Most Common Eye Problems

Caring for your eyes is important to overall health. Good hygiene, routine eye exams, and proper use of prescription eyeglasses are all key to maintaining healthy eyes. When eye problems present themselves, it is important to seek prompt treatment. Many eye issues are common and easily prevented. Here are five of the most common eye problems and how to deal with them.

Dry Eye

What it is

Dry eye is exactly what it sounds like. One or both eyes does not get enough lubrication from natural tears. This can be due to a low production of tears, damage to the tear ducts, or simply not blinking frequently enough to spread natural tears over the surface of the eye.

How to prevent it

Dry eye is sometimes the result of eye surgeries such as LASIK. It can be easily treated or managed with eye drops.

If you spend a lot of time in front of a screen, it may be contributing to your dry eye. We tend to blink less when we stare at electronics. Excess blue light can also cause eye strain and irritation. All you may need to help ease your dry eye is a pair of cheap glasses.

Getting your frames fitted with lenses that include an anti-glare coating which filters out blue light can help prevent dehydrated eyes. 39DollarGlasses.com offers lenses with Blue495 Anti-Glare technology which include this important feature.

Macular Degeneration

What it is

Also called age-related macular degeneration, this condition involves the degeneration of the center of the retina, called the macula. Macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness for people over age 65 and usually comes on slowly. It leads to a loss of central vision and can eventually contribute to total blindness. Macular degeneration may be helped by specialty eyeglasses, vitamins and vision aids, but is irreversible and currently has no cure.

How to prevent it

Much about what directly causes macular degeneration is unknown. Some apparent risk factors like age and race cannot be prevented. However, there is growing research to suggest that overexposure to UV rays may be a contributing factor to macular degeneration. Smoking and diets low in antioxidants may also lead to macular degeneration. Maintaining a healthy weight and wearing 100 percent UV-blocking sunglasses may help lower your risk.

Red eyes

What it is

Red or bloodshot eyes can be a symptom of many different problems and affect nearly everyone at some point in their life. The redness is the result of the blood vessels in your eyes expanding when they’re irritated or infected.

How to prevent it

Prevention and treatment depend on the underlying cause. If the redness comes from an irritant or injury, you’ll need to wait for it to clear up on its own. Redness that is the result of environmental allergies may be prevented or managed with allergy medication.

Avoid excessive use of eye drops designed to reduce redness. Frequent use of these over the counter eye drops can actually increase redness and irritation. If redness persists, consult your doctor.

Red eyes are also a common complication of lack of quality sleep. If you’re in bed eight hours a night, but you’re still waking up with red eyes, it may be a sign that you’re not sleeping soundly. Limiting exposure to electronics before bed and cooling the temperature in your room may help you sleep better and reduce eye redness.

Excess Tearing

What it is

You’re feeling fine, you don’t have anything in your eye, and yet you’re still crying. This is excess tear production and for some people, it can be triggered by light, wind or even temperature changes.

Sudden excessive tearing could be a symptom of an eye infection or a blocked tear duct. These problems can be easily corrected by an eye doctor. Chronic tearing is a common condition with manageable symptoms.

How to prevent it

Wearing lenses, particularly sunglasses, can prevent light or wind from irritating your eyes and causing excess tearing. If you regularly wear prescription eyeglasses, opt for prescription sunglasses, which can protect your eyes from irritants and UV rays all while giving you clear vision.

Conjunctivitis

What it is

Also known as pink eye, conjunctivitis is a blanket term for when the back of your eyelids become inflamed. Commonly it is caused by infections but it can also be caused by other irritants such as allergies.

How to prevent it

Since most cases of conjunctivitis come from eye infections, good hygiene is the first line of defense. Frequent hand washing lowers your risk, as does avoiding touching your eyes or the skin around them. If you wear contact lenses, be sure to clean them properly. Switching to daily lenses may lower your overall risk of infection.

A close-up image of a young male face with a pink eye (conjunctivitis). See more in my portfolio

Keep your eyes healthy

The most important step in maintaining eye health and preventing diseases is by scheduling regular exams with your optometrist. Even healthy adults should be visiting the eye doctor every one to two years, and those at risk of eye disease should schedule more frequent exams. Your eye doctor will also be able to update your prescription, allowing you to purchase cheap glasses online with no further office visits.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Bitnami